Professor Gary Kendrick
UWA Oceans Institute
- Contact details
- UWA Oceans Institute
The University of Western Australia (M470)
35 Stirling Highway
CRAWLEY WA 6009
- +61 8 6488 3998
- +61 8 6488 1126
- Gary Kendrick is a research and teaching Professor at The Oceans Institute and the School of Plant Biology, the University of Western Australia. Gary Kendrick’s long-term research goal is to develop a predictive framework for understanding the spatial and temporal dynamics between marine species distributions, their biology and the physical environment. His work on marine landscape ecology and spatial ecology of seagrasses has identified appropriate descriptors of landscape/spatial structure, modelled species distributions, quantified extensive historical losses of seagrass habitat due to human impacts and modelled emergent landscape-scale phenomena related to the clonal growth of seagrasses at the shoot scale and the evolution of seagrass landscapes. This line of research has led him to question our understanding of sexual recruitment in seagrasses and has led to recent work on dispersal, recruitment and genetics of seagrasses
- Key research
- Professor Kendrick’s key research is in macroalgal and seagrass ecology and marine ecology in general include:
- 1.Dispersal and recruitment ecology and genetics of seagrasses and macroalgae with seminal field studies directly measuring the dispersal of algal propagules and extensive field assessments of how recruitment and recruitment-associated ecological processes (dispersal, competition, predation and disturbance) regulate seagrass and algal populations. Kendrick is recognized as applying terrestrial seed dispersal theory to macroalgae and more recently to seagrass seed ecology. He recently co-ordinated an ARC-NZ Vegetation Network on the evolution of seed dispersal in seagrasses and works closely with geneticists of clonal genetics, paternity analysis and dispersal.
- 2.Marine landscape ecology and spatial ecology of seagrasses and reefs. He has identified appropriate descriptors of landscape/spatial structure, modeled species distributions, quantified extensive historical losses of seagrass habitat due to human impacts and modeled emergent landscape-scale phenomena related to the clonal growth of seagrasses at the shoot scale and the evolution of seagrass landscapes. This work is recognised internationally with invitations to attend NCEAS workshops, to run conference themes at CERF and international collaborative research in Spain and the US
- 3.He also has applied innovative approaches to biodiversity assessment and habitat mapping. He has been instrumental in developing novel biodiversity surrogates and hydro-acoustic and video techniques resulting in efficient detailed biodiversity mapping of extensive areas within the continental shelf. Kendrick has co-ordinated multiple large-scale multi-disciplinary resource mapping and biodiversity studies in the states of Western Australia, NSW and Victoria since 2001, His collaborations have resulted in 4 National and State Awards to collaborative teams, In 2004, his mapping team won the Chair’s Innovation Award, Coastal CRC, In 2005, the same team won the Navy’s Hydrological Award for Innovative Habitat Mapping. In 2006, his team won Victoria’s Coastal Award for service in the mapping of Victoria marine parks. In 2009, the most recent multi-disciplinary team won the WA Science and Education Coastal Award for mapping and assessing biodiversity in benthic habitats along 3,000 km of WA coastline.
- Kendrick’s research has contributed to the fundamental ecological understanding of reef and seagrass habitats in temperate Western Australia, a globally unique region, but his research is not restricted to this one area and he has or continues to contribute to research in the western Mediterranean, US, SE Asia and Brazil.
- 1.Kendrick, G.A. 1988. Where have all the algae gone? Noticias de Galapagos, April 1988, Charles Darwin Foundation, Washington D.C. U.S.A.
2.Kendrick, G.A. and M.W. Hawkes 1988. The epiphyte Microcladia coulteri (Rhodophyta): Changes in population structure with spatial and temporal variation in availability of host species. Mar.Ecol.Prog.Ser.43: 79-86.
3.Kendrick, G.A. Walker, D.I. and A.J. McComb 1988. Changes in distribution of macro-algal epiphytes on stems of the seagrass Amphibolis antarctica along a salinity gradient in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Phycologia 27: 201-208.
4.Fryxell, G.A. and G.A. Kendrick 1988. Austral spring microalgae along the Weddell Sea Ice Edge: Spatial relationships found along a northward transect during AMERIEZ 83. Deep-Sea Research 35:1-20.
5.Walker D.I., Kendrick G.A. and A.J. McComb 1988. Distribution of seagrasses in Shark Bay, Western Australia, with notes on their ecology. Aquat. Bot. 30:305-317.
6.Kendrick, G.A., Huisman J.M. and D.I. Walker 1990.Benthic macroalgae of Shark Bay, Western Australia. Bot. Mar. 33:47-54.
7.Kendrick, G.A. 1991. Recruitment of coralline crusts and filamentous turf algae in the Galapagos Archipelago: Effects of simulated scour, erosion and accretion. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 147:47-63.
8.Kendrick, G.A. and D.I. Walker 1991. Dispersal distances for propagules of Sargassum spinuligerum (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyta) directly measured by vital staining and venturi suction sampling. Mar.Ecol.Prog.Ser. 79: 133-138.
9.Kendrick, G.A. 1994. Effects of settlement density and adult canopy on survival of recruits of Sargassum spp. (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyta) Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 103: 129-140.
10.Kendrick, G.A. and D.I. Walker 1994. Role of recruitment in structuring beds of Sargassum spp. at Rottnest Island, Western Australia. J. Phycol. 30: 200-208.
11.Kendrick, G.A. and D.I. Walker 1995. Dispersal of propagules of Sargassum spp. (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyta): observations of local patterns of dispersal and possible consequences for recruitment and population structure. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 192: 273-288.
12.Hastings, K., Hesp P. and G.A. Kendrick 1995. Assessing seagrass change off Western Australia. GIS Asia Pacific 1: 32-35.
13.Hastings, K., Hesp P. and G.A. Kendrick 1995. Seagrass loss associated with boat moorings at Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Ocean and Coastal Management 26 (3): 225-246.
14.Kendrick, G.A., Jacoby C. A. and D. Heinemann 1996. Benthic microalgae: comparisons of chlorophyll a in mesocosms and field sites. Hydrobiologia 326/327: 283-289.
15.Kendrick, G.A. and A. Brearley 1997. Influence of Sargassum spp. attached to rhodoliths on sampling effort and demogrphic analyses of Sargassum spp. (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyta) attached to a reef. Botanica Marina. 40: 517 – 521.
16.Kendrick, G.A. and J. Burt 1997. Seasonal changes in epiphytic macro-algae between offshore exposed and inshore protected Posidonia sinuosa Cambridge et Kuo seagrass meadows, Western Australia. Botanica Marina 40: 77-86.
17.Kirkman, H. and G. A. Kendrick 1997. Ecological significance of commercial harvesting of drifting and beach-cast macro-algae and seagrasses in Australia: A review. Journ. Applied Phycol. 9: 311-326.
18.Phillips, J.C., Kendrick, G. A. and P. J. Lavery 1997. A functional group approach to detecting shifts in macroalgal communities along a disturbance gradient. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 153:125-138:
19.Walker, D. I. and G.A. Kendrick 1998. Threats to Macroalgal diversity: marine habitat destruction and fragmentation. Botanica Marina. 41: 105-112.
20.Kendrick, G.A., Langtry, S., Fitzpatrick, J., Griffiths, R. and C. A. Jacoby 1998. Benthic microalgae and nutrient dynamics in wave-disturbed environments in Marmion Lagoon, Western Australia, compared with less disturbed mesocosms. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 228: 83-105.
21.Carruthers, T.J.B., Walker, D.I., Kendrick, G.A. 1999. Abundance of Ruppia megacarpa Mason in a seasonally variable estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Sciences 48:497-509.
22.Kendrick, G.A., Eckersley, J., Walker, D.I. 1999. Landscape-scale changes in seagrass distribution over time: a case study from Success Bank, Western Australia. Aquatic Botany 65: 293-309.
23.Kendrick, G.A., Lavery, P.A., Phillips, J.C. 1999. Influence of Ecklonia radiata kelp canopy on structure of macro-algal assemblages in Marmion Lagoon, Western Australia. Hydrobiologia 398/399: 275-283
24.Campey, M.L., Waycott, M., Kendrick, G.A. 2000. Re-evaluating species boundaries among members of the Posidonia ostenfeldii species complex (Posidoniaceae) – morphological and genetic variation. Aquatic Botany 66: 41-55.
25.Kendrick, G.A., Hegge, B.J., Wyllie, A., Davidson, A., Lord, D.A. 2000. Changes in seagrass cover on Success and Parmelia Banks, Western Australia between 1965 and 1995. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Sciences 50: 341-353.
26.Walker, D.I., Hillman, K.A., Kendrick, G.A., Lavery, P. 2001. The Ecological Significance of Seagrasses. Ecological Engineering 16: 323-330.
27.Campey, M.L., Kendrick, G.A., Walker, D.I. 2002. Interannual and small-scale spatial variability in sexual reproduction of the seagrasses Posidonia coriacea and Heterozostera tasmanica, southwestern Australia. Aquatic Botany 74: 287-297.
28.Kendrick, G.A., Aylward, M.J., Hegge, B.J., Cambridge, M.L., Hillman, K., Wyllie, A., Lord, D.A.2002. Changes in seagrass coverage in Cockburn Sound, Western Australia between 1967 and 1999. Aquatic Botany 73:75-87.
29.Harman N. Harvey, E.S., Kendrick, G.A. 2003. Differences in fish assemblages from different reef habitats at Hamelin Bay, southwestern Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research. 54:177-184.
30.Wernberg T., Kendrick, G. A., Phillips J.C. 2003. Regional differences in kelp-associated algal assemblages on temperate limestone reefs in southwestern Australia. Diversity and Distributions 9: 427-441.
31.Goldberg, N.I., Kendrick, G.A. 2004. Effects of island groups, depth and exposure to ocean waves on subtidal macroalgal assemblages in the Recherche Archipelago, Western Australia. Journal of Phycology 40: 631-641.
32.Goldberg, N.I., Kendrick, G.A. Heine, J. 2004 Highway or country road: Algal recruitment with distance from an island reef. Journal of Marine Biology Association of UK 84:879-882.
33.Harvey, E., Fletcher, D., Shortis, M., Kendrick, G. 2004. A comparison of underwater visual distance estimates made by SCUBA divers and a stereo-video system: Implications for underwater visual census of reef fish abundance. Marine and Freshwater Research 55: 573-580.
34.Kendrick, G.A., Harvey, E., Wernberg, T., Harman, N., Goldberg, N. 2004. The role of disturbance in maintaining diversity of benthic macroalgal assemblages in southwestern Australia. The Japanese Bulletin of Phycology (Supplement) 52: 5-9.
35.Thomsen, M.S. Wernberg, T., Kendrick, G. A. 2004. The effect of thallus size, life stage, aggregation, wave exposure and substratum conditions on the forces required to break or dislodge the small kelp Ecklonia radiata. Botanica Marina 47: 454-460.
36.Toohey, B. D., Kendrick, G. A., Wernberg T., Phillips J. C., Malkin S., Prince, J. 2004. The effects of light and thallus scour from Ecklonia radiata canopy on an associated foliose algal assemblage: the importance of photoacclimation. Marine Biology 144:1019 – 1027.
37.Vanderklift, M.A., Kendrick, G.A. 2004. Variation in abundances of herbivorous invertebrates in temperate subtidal rocky reef habitats. Marine and Freshwater Research 55: 1-11.
38.Van Elven, B.R., Lavery, P.S., Kendrick, G.A. 2004 Reefs as contributors to diversity of epiphytic macroalgal assemblages in seagrass meadows. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 276:71-83:
39.Walker, D.I., Campey, M.L., Kendrick, G.A. 2004. Nutrient dynamics in two seagrass species, Posidonia coriacea and Zostera tasmanica, on Success Bank, Western Australia. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 60: 251-260.
40.Kendrick, G. A., Duarte, C. M., Marba, N. 2005. Clonality in seagrasses, emergent properties and seagrass landscapes. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 290: 291-296.
41.Kendrick, G. A., Marba, N., Duarte, C. M. 2005. Modelling formation of complex topography by the seagrass Posidonia oceanica. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Sciences 65:717-725.
42.Sleeman, J. C., Kendrick, G. A., Boggs, G. S., Hegge, B.J. 2005. Measuring fragmentation of seagrass landscapes: which indices are most appropriate for detecting change? Marine and Freshwater Research 56:851-864.
43.Sleeman, J. C., Boggs, G. S., Radford, B. C., Kendrick, G. A. 2005. Using agent-based models to aid reef restoration: enhancing coral cover and topographic complexity through the spatial arrangement of coral transplants. Restoration Ecology 13: 685 – 694.
44.Sintes, T., Marba, N., Duarte, C. M., Kendrick, G. 2005. Non-linear processes in seagrass colonization explained by simple clonal growth rules. Oikos 108: 165-175.
45.Vanderklift, M.A., Kendrick, G.A. 2005. Contrasting influence of sea urchins on attached and drift macroalgae Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 299:101-110.
46.Watson, D. L., Harvey, E. S., Anderson, M. J., Kendrick, G. A. 2005. A comparison of temperate reef fish assemblages recorded by three underwater stereo-video techniques. Marine Biology 148: 415-425.
47.Wernberg, T., Kendrick, G. A., Toohey, B. D. 2005 Modification of the physical environment by an Ecklonia radiata (Laminariales) canopy and implications for associated foliose algae. Aquatic Ecology 39: 419-430.
48.Abdo D. A., Seager J.W., Harvey E.S. McDonald J.I. Kendrick G.A. Shortis M.R. 2006. Efficiently measuring complex sessile epibenthic organisms using a novel photogrammetric technique, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 339: 120-133.
49.Fromont, J., Vanderklift, M. A., Kendrick, G. A. 2006. Marine Sponges of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia: patterns of species distributions, abundance and diversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 15:3731–3750.
50.Goldberg, N.I., Kendrick, G.A., Walker, D.I. 2006. Do surrogates describe patterns in marine macroalgal diversity in the Recherche Archipelago, temperate Australia? Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 16:313-327
51.McDonald, J. I., Coupland, G. T., Kendrick, G. A 2006. Underwater video as a monitoring tool: efficacy to detect change in the cover of a temperate Australian seagrass. Journal of Environmental Management. 80(2): 148-155.
52.Orth, R.J., Carruthers, T. J. B.,Dennison, W. C., Duarte, C.M., Fourqurean, J.W., Heck, Jr., K. L., Randall Hughes, A., Kendrick, G. A., Kenworthy, W. J.,Olyarnik, S., Short, F. T., Waycott, M., Williams, S. L. 2006. A global crisis for seagrass ecosystems. Bioscience 56(12): 987-996.
53.Orth, R. J., Kendrick, G. A., Marion, S. R. 2006. Posidonia australis seed predation in seagrass habitats of Rottnest Island, Western Australia: patterns and predators Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 313:105-114.
54.Vanderklift, M.A., Kendrick, G.A., Smit, A. J. 2006. Differences in trophic position among sympatric sea urchin species. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Sciences, 66: 291-297.
55.Carruthers, T. J. B., Dennison, W. C., Kendrick, G. A., Waycott, M., Walker, D.I. and Cambridge, M. L. 2007. Seagrasses of south-west Australia: A conceptual synthesis of the world’s most diverse and extensive seagrass meadows Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 350: 21-45.
56.Harvey, E., Cappo, M., Butler, J., Hall, N., Kendrick, G.A 2007. The effect of bait on the discrimination of marine fish assemblages sampled by underwater video stations in temperate and tropical Australia. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 350:245-254.
57.Holmes K.W., Van Niel, K.P., G. A. Kendrick, G. A., Radford, B. 2007. Probabilistic large-area mapping of seagrass species distributions. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 17:385-407.
58.Orth, R. J., Kendrick, G. A., Marion, S. R. 2007. Posidonia australis seed predation in seagrass habitats of Two Peoples Bay, Southern Australia. Aquatic Botany 86: 83–85.
59.Ryan, D.A., Brooke, B. P., Collins, L.P., Kendrick, G. A., Baxter, K.P., Bickers,A. N., Siwabessy, P. J. W., Pattiaratchi, C.B. 2007. The influence of geomorphology and sedimentary processes on shallow water benthic habitat distribution: Esperance Bay, Western Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 72: 379-386. IF=2.072,
60.Toohey, B. D., Kendrick, G. A. 2007. Survival of juvenile Ecklonia radiata sporophytes after canopy loss. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 349: 170-182.
61.Toohey, B.D., Kendrick, G.A., Harvey, E.S. 2007. Disturbance and reef topography maintain high local diversity in Ecklonia radiata kelp forests. Oikos 116: 1618-1630.
62.Watson, D. L., Harvey, E.S., Kendrick, G. A., Nardi, K. and M. J. Anderson 2007. Protection from fishing results in change in the abundance of reef fish and the composition of fish assemblages in a temperate-tropical transition zone. Marine Biology 152: 1197-1206.
63.Abdo, D.A., McDonald, J.I., Harvey, E.S., Fromont, J., and Kendrick, G.A. 2008. Neighbour and environmental influences on the growth patterns of two temperate Haliclonid sponges. Marine and Freshwater Research 59, 304–312.
64.Brearley, A., Kendrick, G. A., Walker, D. I. 2008. How does burrowing by the isopod Limnoria agrostisa (Crustacea: Limnoriidae) affect the leaf canopy of the southern Australian seagrass Amphibolis griffithii (J. Black) den Hartog? Marine Biology 156:65-77.
65.Heck, Jr., K, Carruthers, T, Duarte, C, Hughes, AR, Kendrick, G, Orth, R, Williams, S. 2008. Trophic transfers from seagrass meadows subsidize diverse marine and terrestrial consumers Ecosystems 11:1198-1210.
66.Holmes K.W., Van Niel, K.P., Radford, B, Kendrick, G. A., Groves S. L. 2008. Modelling distribution of marine benthos from hydroacoustics and underwater video Continental Shelf Research 28: 1800-1810.
67.Kendrick, G. A., Holmes K.W., Van Niel, K.P. 2008. Multi-scale spatial patterns of three seagrass species with different growth dynamics. Ecography 31: 191-200.
68.Toohey, B. D., Kendrick, G. A. 2008. Canopy-understorey relationships are mediated by reef topography in Ecklonia radiata kelp beds. European Journal of Phycology 43: 133-142.
69.Cambridge, M.L., Kendrick, G.A., 2009. Contrasting responses of seagrass transplants (Posidonia australis) to nitrogen, phosphorus and iron addition in an estuary. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 371:34-41.
70.Kendrick, G.A., Goldberg, N.A., Harvey, E. S., McDonald, J. 2009. Historical and contemporary influence of the Leeuwin Current to the marine biota of the Southern Western Australian Continental Shelf and the Recherche Archipelago. J. Roy. Soc. W.A. 92:209-217.
71.Sinclair, E. A., J. Anthony, J., Coupland, G.T., Waycott, M. Barrett, M.D., Barrett, R. L., Cambridge, M. L., Wallace, M. J., Dixon, K. W., Krauss, S. L., Kendrick, G.A. 2009. Characterisation of polymorphic microsatellite markers in the widespread Australian seagrass, Posidonia australis Hook. f. (Posidoniaceae), with cross-amplification in the sympatric P. sinuosa. Conservation Genetic Resources. 1:273–276
72.Watson, D.L., Anderson, M.J., Kendrick, G.A., Nardi, K., Harvey, E.S. 2009. Effects of protection from fishing on the lengths of targeted and non-targeted fish species at the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 384:241-249.
73.Waycott, M., Duarte, C.M., Carruthers, T.J.B., Orth, R.J., Dennison, W.C., Olyarnik, S., Calladine, A., Fourqurean, J.W., Heck Jr., K. L., Randall Hughes, A., Kendrick, G. A., Kenworthy, W. J., Short, F.T., Williams, S.L. 2009. Accelerating loss of seagrasses across the globe threatens coastal ecosystems Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences 106: 12377-12381.
74.Chatfield, B.S., Van Niel, C.P., Kendrick, G. A., Harvey, E.S. 2010. Combining environmental gradients to explain and predict the structure of demersal fish distributions. Journal of Biogeography 37: 593-605
75.Salter, Z.T., Harvey, E.S., Kendrick, G.A. & Murray, K.S. 2010. The effect of kelp bed disturbance on the abundance and feeding behaviour of fished on high relief reefs. Marine and Freshwater Behavior and Physiology 43: 109-125.
76.Smale D. A., Kendrick G.A., Waddington, K. I , Van Niel, K. P. , Meeuwig, J. J., Harvey, E.S 2010. Benthic assemblage composition on subtidal reefs along a latitudinal gradient in Western Australia. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 86: 83-92,
77.Smale, D.A., Kendrick, G.A., Wernberg, T. 2010. Assemblage turnover and taxonomic sufficiency of subtidal macroalgae at multiple spatial scales. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 349:405-417.
78.Waddington, K. I., Piek, B. W., Payne, A., Grove, S., Harvey, E., Kendrick, G., Taylor, H., Meeuwig, J. 2010. Description of a remote still photography system for collection of benthic photo-quadrats Marine Technology Society Journal: 44:56-63.
79.Wernberg, T., Thomsen, M.S., Tuya, F., Kendrick, G.A., Staehr, P.A. & Toohey, B.D. 2010. The resilience of Australasian kelp beds decrease along a latitudinal gradient in ocean temperature. Ecology Letters: 13: 685-694
80.Wernberg, T., Tuya, F., Thomsen, M.S., Kendrick, G.A. 2010. Turban snails as habitat for foliose algae: contrasting geographical patterns in species richness. Marine and Freshwater Research 61: 1237–1242.
81.Aires, T., Marbà, N., Cunha, R.L., Kendrick, G.A., Walker, D.I. Serrão, E.A., Duarte, C.M., Arnaud-Haond, S. 2011. Evolutionary history of the seagrass genus Posidonia. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 421: 117–130.
82.Hovey, R.K., Cambridge, M.L., Kendrick, G.A. 2011. Direct measurements of root growth and productivity in the seagrasses Posidonia australis and P. sinuosa. Limnology and Oceanography 56:394-402.
83.Ooi Lean-Sim, J., Kendrick, G.A., Van Niel, K.P., Yang Amri, A. 2011 Knowledge gaps in tropical Southeast Asian seagrass systems. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 92:118-131: IF=2.072, IF5=2.246. 25%
84.Ooi Lean-Sim, J., Kendrick, G.A., Van Niel, K.P. 2011. Effects of sediment burial on tropical ruderal seagrasses are moderated by clonal integration. Continental Shelf Research, 31: 1945-1954.
85.Renton, M., Airey, M. Cambridge, M.L., Kendrick, G.A. 2011. Modelling Seagrass Growth and Development to Evaluate Transplanting Strategies for Restoration. Annals of Botany 108(6): 1213-1223.
86.Rivers, D.O., Kendrick, G.A., Walker, D.I. 2011. Microsites play an important role for seedling survival in the seagrass Amphibolis antarctica. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 401: 29–35:
87.Short, F.T., Polidoro, B Livingstone, S.R., Carpenter, K.E., Bandeira, S., Bujang, J, S., Calumpong, H., Carruthers, T., Coles, R., Dennison, W., Erftmeijer, P., Fortes, M., Freeman, A., Jagtap T., Hena Kamal A., Kendrick G.A., Kenworthy J., La Nafie Y., Nasution I., Orth R.J., Prathep A., Sanciengco J., van Tussenbroek B., Vergara S. Waycott M. Zieman J. 2011. Extinction Risk Assessment of the World's Seagrass Species. Biological Conservation 144: 1961–1971.
88.Smale, D.A., Kendrick, G.A., Wernberg, T. 2011. Subtidal macroalgal richness, diversity and turnover, at multiple spatial scales, along the southwestern Australian coastline. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 91:224-231: IF=2.072, IF5=2.246.
89.Smale, D.A., Langlois, T.J., Kendrick, G.A., Meeuwig, J.J., Harvey, E.S. 2011. From fronds to fish: the use of indicators for ecological monitoring in marine benthic ecosystems, with case studies from temperate Western Australia. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 21:311-337.
90.Wernberg, T., Russell, B.D., Moore, P.J., Ling, S.D., Smale, D.A., Campbell, A., Coleman, M.A., Steinberg, P.D., Kendrick, G.A., Connell, S.D. 2011. Impacts of climate change in a global hotspot for temperate marine biodiversity and ocean warming. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 400: 7-16.
91.Wernberg, T., Thomsen, M. S., Tuya, F., Kendrick, G.A. 2011. Biogenic habitat structure on reefs change along a latitudinal gradient in temperate ocean climate. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 400: 264-271.
92.White K., Westera M., Kendrick G.A. 2011 Spatial patterns in fish herbivory in a temperate Australian seagrass meadow. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 93: 366-374.
93.Cambridge, M.L., Fraser, M.W., Holmer, M., Kuo, J., Kendrick, G.A. 2012. Hydrogen sulphide intrusion in seagrasses from Shark Bay, Western Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 63: 1027-1038.
94.Forehead, H., Kendrick, G. A. and Thompson, P. 2012. The effects of shelter and enrichment on the ecology and nutrient cycling of microbial communities of subtidal carbonate sediments. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 80(10): 64-76.
95.Fourqurean, J.W., Duarte, C.M., Kennedy, H., Marba, N., Holmer, M., Mateo, M.A., Apostolaki, E. T., Kendrick, G.A., Krause-Jensen, D., McGlathery, K. , Serrano, O. 2012. Global carbon stocks in seagrass ecosystems. Nature Geosciences, 5 (7), pp. 505-509. doi: 10.1038/ngeo1477
96.Fourqurean, J.W., Kendrick, G.A., Collins, L.S., Chambers, R.M., Vanderklift, M.A. 2012. Carbon and nutrient storage in subtropical seagrass meadows: examples from Florida Bay and Shark Bay. Marine and Freshwater Research 63: 967-983.
97. Fraser, M.W., Kendrick, G.A., Grierson, P.F., Fourqurean, J.W., Vanderklift, M.A., Walker, D.I. 2012. Nutrient status of seagrasses cannot be inferred from system-scale distribution of phosphorus in Shark Bay, Western Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 63:1015-1026.
98.Hovey, R.K., Cambridge, M.L., Kendrick, G.A. 2012. Season and sediment nutrient additions affect root architecture in the temperate seagrasses Posidonia australis and Posidonia sinuosa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 446: 23-30.
99.Kendrick, G.A., Waycott, M., Carruthers, T., Cambridge, M.L., Hovey, R., Krauss, S., Lavery, P., Les, D., Lowe, R., Mascaró, O., Ooi Lean Sim, J, Orth, R.J., Rivers, D., Ruiz-Montoya, L., Sinclair, E.A., Statton, J. , van Dijk, J. K., Verduin, J. 2012. The central role of dispersal in the maintenance and persistence of seagrass populations. Bioscience 62: 56-65.
100.Kendrick, G.A., Fourqurean, J.W., Fraser, M.W., Heithaus, M.R., Jackson, G., Friedman, K., Hallac, D. 2012. Science behind management of Shark Bay and Florida Bay, two P-limited subtropical systems with different climatology and human pressures. Marine and Freshwater Research 63: 941-951.
101.Langlois T., Radford B., Van Niel, K., Meeuwig J.J., Pearce A., Rousseaux C., Kendrick G.A., Harvey E.S. 2012. Consistent abundance distributions of marine fishes in an old, climatically buffered, infertile seascape. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 21:886-897: doi: 10.11111/j:1466-8238.2011.00735.x.
102.Ruiz-Montoya, L., Lowe, R.J., Van Niel, K.P., Kendrick, G.A 2012. The role of hydrodynamics on seed dispersal in seagrasses. Limnology and Oceanography, 57(5): 1257-1265. doi:10.4319/lo.2012.57.5.0000.
103.Smale, D.A., Kendrick, G.A., Harvey, E.S., Langlois, T.J., Hovey, R.K., Van Niel, K.P. Waddington, K.I., Bellchambers, L.M., Pember, M.B., Babcock, R.C., Vanderklift, M.A., Thomson, D.P., Jakuba, M.V., Pizarro, O., Williams, S.B. 2012. Regional-scale benthic monitoring for Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management (EBFM) using an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV). ICES Journal of Marine Science 69(6); 1108-1118: doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fss082
104.Statton, J., Dixon, K.W., Hovey R. K., Kendrick, G.A. 2012. A comparative assessment of approaches and outcomes for seagrass revegetation in Shark Bay and southern Florida. Marine and Freshwater Research 63: 984-993.
105.Williams, S.B., Pizarro, O., Jakuba, M., Johnson, C., Barrett, N., Babcock, R., Kendrick, G., Steinberg, P., Heyward, A., Doherty, P., Mahon, I., Johnson-Roberson, M., Steinberg, D. Friedman, A. 2012. Autonomous Underwater Vehicle monitoring of benthic reference sites. IEEE - Robotics and Automation Magazine 19(1): 73-84
106.Mohring, M.B., Wernberg, T., Kendrick, G.A., Rule, M.J. 2012. Reproductive synchronicity in a habitat-forming kelp and its relationship with environmental conditions. Marine Biology. doi: 10.1007/s00227-012-2068-5
107.Statton, J., Cambridge, M.L., Dixon, K.W., Kendrick, G.A. 2012. Aquaculture of Posidonia australis seedlings for seagrass restoration programs: effect of sediment type and organic enrichment on growth. Restoration Ecology. Published online 2012: doi: 10.1111/j:1526-100x.2012.00873.x.
108.Forehead, H., Thompson, P. and Kendrick, G. A. (in press) Shifts in composition of microbial communities of subtidal sandy sediments maximize retention of nutrients. FEMS Microbiology Ecology DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2012.01472.x
109.Sinclair E.A., Verduin, J., Krauss, S.L., Hardinge, J., Anthony, J., Kendrick G.A., (in press) A genetic assessment of a successful Seagrass meadow (Posidonia australis) restoration trial. Ecological Management and Restoration.
Refereed Book Chapters
1.Huisman J.M., Kendrick Gary, Walker D.I. and A. Coute 1990. The marine algae of Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee. (eds. P.F. Berry, S.D. Bradshaw and B.R. Wilson) W.A. Museum, Perth, pp 89-100.
2.Hutchings, P.A., Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., and G.A. Kendrick 1991. Seagrass, sediment and infauna - a comparison of Posidonia australis, Posidonia sinuosa and Amphibolis antarctica in Princess Royal Harbour, South-Western Australia II Distribution, composition and abundance of macrofauna. In: Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., Kirkman, H., and Lethbridge, R. (Eds.) Proc. 3rd International Marine Biological Workshop: the flora and fauna of Albany, Western Australia. W.A. Museum, Perth, pp 611-633.
3.Kendrick, G.A. 1993. Sargassum beds at Rottnest Island: Species composition and abundance. In: Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., Kirkman, H., and Lethbridge, R. (Eds.) Proc. 5th International Marine Biological Workshop: the flora and fauna of Rottnest Island, Western Australia, W.A. Museum, Perth, pp 455-472.
4.Kendrick, G.A. 1997. Genus Sargassum. Contribution to: Huisman J.M., Marine benthic algae of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. In: Wells, F.E. (Ed.) Proc. 7th International Marine Biological Workshop: The marine flora and fauna of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. W.A. Museum, Perth, pp 177-237.
5.Kendrick, G.A. 1999. Western Australia. In: Under Southern Seas: The Ecology of Australia’s Rocky Reefs (ed N.L. Andrew), University of NSW Press, Sydney, pp 50 – 57. 100%
6.Steinberg, P., Kendrick, G.A. 1999. Kelps and Macroalgae. In: Under Southern Seas: The Ecology of Australia’s Rocky Reefs (ed N.L. Andrew), University of NSW Press, Sydney, pp 60 – 71.
7.Burdick D.T., Kendrick, G.A. 2001. Chapter 4: Standards for Collection, Identification and Sample Design In: Global seagrass research methods - A book of seagrass sampling methods designed to provide uniform monitoring data, from seagrass ecosystems around the World. Science editors: F.T. Short and R.G. Coles; Technical editor: C.A. Short, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 79-100.
8.Kendrick, G.A., Lavery, P. 2001. Chapter 7: Assessing biomass, assemblage structure and production of algal epiphytes on seagrasses In: Global seagrass research methods - A book of seagrass sampling methods designed to provide uniform monitoring data, from seagrass ecosystems around the World. Science editors: F.T. Short and R.G. Coles; Technical editor: C.A. Short, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 199-222.
9.Goldberg, N.I., Kendrick, G.A. 2005. A catalogue of the marine macroalgae found in the western islands of the Recherche Archipelago (Western Australia, Australia), with notes on their distribution in relation to island location, depth, and exposure to wave energy. In: Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., Kendrick, G. A. (Ed.) The marine flora and fauna of Esperance, Western Australia. Proc. 12th International Marine Biological Workshop W.A. Museum, Perth, pp 25 – 90.
10.Hegge, B.J., Kendrick, G. A. 2005. Changes in the distribution of vegetated habitats (seagrasses and reefs) in Esperance Bay between 1956 and 2001. In: Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., Kendrick, G. A. (Ed.) The marine flora and fauna of Esperance, Western Australia. Proc. 12th International Marine Biological Workshop W.A. Museum, Perth, pp 109 – 122.
11.Kendrick, G.A., Harvey, E., McDonald, J., Wells, F. Walker, D.I. 2005. Introduction to the marine biology of the Recherche Archipelago, Western Australia. In: Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., Kendrick, G. A. (Ed.): The marine flora and fauna of Esperance, Western Australia. Proc. 12th International Marine Biological Workshop: W.A. Museum, Perth, pp 1 – 10.
12.Walker, D.I., Kendrick, G.A., McComb, A.J. 2006. Decline and recovery of seagrass ecosystems – the dynamics of change. In: Seagrass Biology (Eds. Larkum, AWD, Orth RJ and Duarte, C.) Elsevier
13.Goldberg, N. I., Kendrick, G. A. 2007. Chapter 3: Recruitment ecology of marine macroalgae. In: Connell, S. and Gillanders, B. (eds) Marine Ecology Oxford University Press
14.Wernberg, T., Campbell, A., Coleman, M.A., Connell, S.D., Kendrick, G.A., Moore, P.J., Russell, B.D., Smale, D.A. & Steinberg, P.D. 2009. Chapter 11: Macroalgae and Temperate Rocky Reefs. In: Poloczanska, E.S., Hobday, A.J. & Richardson, A.J. (eds) Report Card of Marine Climate Change for Australia; detailed scientific assessment, NCCARF publication 05/09, ISBN 978-1-921609-03-9, Pp. 128-146.
15.Wernberg, T., Smale, D.A., Verges, A., Campbell, A. H., Russell, B. D., Coleman, M. A., Ling, S. D., Steinberg, P. D., Johnson, C. R., Kendrick, G. A., Connell, S. D. et al. 2012. Macroalgae and temperate rocky reefs. In A Marine Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Report Card for Australia 2012 (Eds. E.S. Poloczanska, A.J. Hobday and A.J.Richardson). . ISBN: 978-0-643-10928-5
Refereed Conference Proceedings
1.Wyllie, A., Lord, D., Collins, P., Kendrick, G. and H. Kirkman 1997. Mapping historical changes in seagrass beds bordering Owen Anchorage, Western Australia. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments. Vol1, pp 541-551.
2.Lord, D. A., Hegge, B. J., Kendrick, G. A., Wyllie, A., Davidson, A. and C. Hoar 1998. Changes in seagrass coverage on Success and Parmelia Banks, Western Australia (1965 to 1995) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments. Vol II, pp 551 – 558.
3.Harman N. Kendrick, G.A. Harvey, E.S. Vanderklift, M.A. Walker, D.I. 2003. Use of surrogates for the rapid assessment of marine biodiversity. in "Aquatic Protected Areas - What works best and how do we know?", Proceedings of the World Congress on Aquatic Protected Areas - Cairns, Australia; August, 2002.
Other Refereed Publications
1.Kendrick, G.A. 1996. Book Review: Marine Ecological Processes, 2nd Edition, by Ivan Valiela. Aquatic Botany 53: 253-254.
2.McClatchie, S., Middleton, J., Pattiaratchi, C., Currie, D., Kendrick, G. 2006. The South-west Marine region: Ecosystems and key species groups. Department of the Environment and Water Resources, Australian Government, ISBN 978-0-642553-81-5
3.Holmes, KW, Van Niel, KP Kendrick, GA and Baxter, K, 2006. Designs for marine remote sampling: Review, discussion, examples of sampling methods, layout, and scaling issues. Technical Report 87 (ISBN 1921017694). Cooperative Research Centre for Coastal Zone, Estuary, and Waterway Management.
4.Holmes, KW, B Radford, KP Van Niel, GA Kendrick, SL Grove, and B Chatfield 2007. Mapping the benthos in Victoria’s Marine National Parks (ISSN 1448-4935). Parks Victoria Technical Series. No. 40. Parks Victoria, Melbourne.
Edited Books/Special Journal Issues
1.Fourqurean, J.W., Kendrick, G.A., Jackson, G., Hallac, D., Friedman, K. 2012. Science for the management of subtropical embayments: examples from Shark Bay and Florida Bay. Marine and Freshwater Research 63(11).
2.Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., Kendrick, G. A. 2005. The marine flora and fauna of Esperance, Western Australia. Proc. 12th International Marine Biological Workshop: W.A. Museum, Perth, Volumes I and II.
Popular Magazine Articles
1.Thomson-Dans, C., Kendrick, G., Bancroft, K. 2003. Researching the Recherche. Landscope 18(4): 10 – 17.
- Roles, responsibilities and expertise
- Kendrick is divided among teaching, research and administration (33%:33%:33%) and the balance between these areas has varied with administrative responsibilities. He was the Deputy Head of School for the School of Plant Biology 2006-2009, and he was the inaugural Director of the Centre for Marine Futures in 2008. He was acting in the role of Director for the UWA Oceans Institute 2009-2011.
He presently holds the following responsibilities:
Discipline Leader: Marine Systems (School of Plant Biology.
Research Leader: Marine Ecology (The Oceans Institute)
Oceans Institute Leadership Team: in support of the Director,
- Future research
- His long-term research goal is to move from marine ecological studies that describe the distribution of marine organisms to a predictive framework for understanding the spatial linkages between marine species distributions, their biology and the physical environment.
Future research programs include:
1. Ecology and environmental drivers of seagrass and macroalgal assemblages in a macrotidal tropical environment in the Kimberley WA
2. Effect of turbity from dredging on seagrass growth survival and reproduction
3. Effect of desalination outfall waters on growth and survival of seagrasses
4. Resilience in tropical coral macroalgae and seagrasses.
5. Carbon stores and sequestration in seagrass meadows
6. Seed based restoration of seagrasses
- Funding received
- Research Income: Between 2001 and 2011 (10 Years) I have generated with my colleagues $10,317,312 of research income for marine benthic ecological studies around Australia. Since 2006 I have successfully obtained with my colleagues $7,257,975 of research income.
- Industrial relevance
- Professor Kendrick has worked closely with industry since his initial position as Lecturer in 1998 that was fnded through a collaboration between UWA and Cockburn Cement Ltd.
His expertise is in design of impact assessment and ERMPs, resouce mapping, assessing impacts to seagrass and macroalgae and as an industry expert assessor for marine impact asssessment. Gary also has been very involved in seagrass revegetation programs and has studied optimizing successful planting units and transplantation of temperate seagrass species.
- Honours and awards
- Research Awards and Prizes
1990: Janice Klumpp Award, University of Western Australia
1991: Best Student Presentation, Australian Society of Phycology and Aquatic Botany, Adelaide.
1997: Honourable mention, Interactive Poster Presentation, Fourth International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, 17-19 March 1997, Florida.
1998: Best of Session, Interactive Poster Presentation, Fifth International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, 5 –7 October, 1998, San Diego, California.
2004: Chair’s Innovation Award. Coastal CRC
2005: Victoria Coastal Award (Innovation), Parks Victoria-Coastal Zone CRC Partnership, Mapping the Deep is an exciting partnership to map Victoria’s six largest outer-coast marine National Parks, and has already revealed previously unknown habitats in Point Addis Marine National Park.
2006: Australian Hydrographic Award, Coastal CRC – Fugro Surveyors Pty, Ltd. Habitat Mapping
2009: W.A. Coastcare Coastal / Marine Research or Education Award - Marine Futures Project Team for the Securing WA’s Marine Futures project (2006-2008)
- Previous positions
- September 2009 – June 2011 Acting Director, The UWA Oceans Institute and Professor, School of Plant Biology, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, 6009, W.A. Australia
February 2006 – August 2009: Associate Professor and Deputy Head of School of Plant
Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, 6009, W.A. Australia
July 2001 – February 2006: Senior Lecturer (Biological Oceanography), School of Plant
Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, 6009, W.A. Australia
January 1998-July 2001: Lecturer (Biological Oceanography), Botany Department, University
of Western Australia, Crawley, 6009, W.A. Australia
February 1996-December 1997: Research Fellow, Botany Department, University of
Western Australia. Seagrass dynamics on Success Bank, Western Australia
October 1992-February 1996: Marine Plant Ecologist, CSIRO Division of Fisheries
Developed techniques to assess coastal impacts to marine plant communities in
the field and in mesocosms.
- Undergraduate Teaching experience
2012- present – Winthrop Professor – Continued teaching in Marine Science (Introduction in Marine Science), developing teaching in Ecology (Ecological Processes). Research Leader (Marine Ecology) in the Ocean Institute.
2009- 2012 – Professor – Continued teaching in Marine Science. Became Acting Director of the newly formed UWA Oceans Institute 2009. On executive committee from the Australian National Network in Marine Science – a consortium between University of Western Australia, University of Tasmania and James Cook University to allow for shared undergraduate and graduate teaching across campuses.
2006-2009 – Associate Professor – Continued teaching in Marine Science. Became Deputy Head of School, School of Plant Biology 2006.
2000- 2006 – Senior Lecturer – Continued development in curricula in Marine Science. Restructured Marine Science degree in 2004-2006. Representative for Marine Science on Faculty Education and Learning Committee – 2004. Marine Science Honours Coordinator (2001-2004)
1998-2000 – Lecturer - Curriculum development in marine science. Developed and taught in 2nd and 3rd Year subjects in Marine Science (2nd Year: Introduction to Marine Science, Aquatic Botany, 3rd Year: Biological Oceanography; Field Techniques in Marine Science). Marine Science Honours Co-ordinator (1999-2000).
Formal Graduate Student Supervision
I have successfully supervised 19 PhD, 1 MSc and 22 Honours students to completion, and am presently supervising 8 PhD students and 2 Honours Students. Two of my PhD students received UWA distinctions for their thesis. I find the role of supervisor very rewarding, and my continued collaboration with my graduated PhD students a major stimulus for my own research.
Completed Ph.D. and M.Sc. Students
1999Cameron Sim, Ph.D. The University of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. topic: The ecology of coralline algae on temperate limestone reefs in Western Australia
co-supervisor: Professor D.I. Walker
2001Meredith Campey, Ph.D. The University of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A.
topic: Ecological Significance of the seagrasses Posidonia coriacea and Heterozostera tasmanica.
co-supervisor: Professor D.I. Walker
2002Mathew Vanderklift, Univ. of Western Australia. Crawley, W.A. Topic: The importance of grazer diversity in structuring macroalgal assemblages.
2003Thomas Wernberg-Moller, PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. (Distinction)Topic: Processes regulating heterogeneity in seaweed landscapes in Western Australia
2005Nisse Goldberg, PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A (Distinction).Topic: Macroalgal ecology in the Recherche Archipelago, Western Australia
co-supervisor: Professor D.I. Walker
2006 Hugh Forehead, PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A Topic: The ecology and biogeochemistry of sandy sediments in the warm temperate coastal waters of Western Australia
co-supervisor: Dr Anya Waite, Dr Peter Thompson
2006Ben Toohey, PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A Topic: Recovery of algal assemblages from canopy disturbance: patterns and processes over a range of reef structures
2006Dianne Watson, PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A Topic: Use of underwater stereo-video to measure fish assemblage structure, spatial distribution of fishes and change in assemblages with protection from fishing
co-supervisor: Dr Euan Harvey
2007David Abdo: PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A Topic: Maintenance and structuring of two temperate Haliclonid sponge populations
Co-supervisors: Dr Euan Harvey,Dr Justin McDonald, Dr Jane Fromont
2007Katrina Baxter PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. Topic: Linking seafloor mapping and ecological models to improved classification of marine habitats: opportunities and lessons learnt
Co-supervisor: Dr Kimberly Van Niel
2008Kylie Ryan PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. Topic: Small no-take marine protected areas and wave exposure affect temperatesubtidal reef communities at Marmion Marine Park, Western Australia
Co-supervisors: Dr Euan Harvey, Dr Jessica Meeuwig, Prof Diana Walker
2008Brenton Chatfield PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. Topic: How to find the one that got away: Predicting the distribution of temperate demersal fish from environmental variables
Co-supervisor: Dr Kimberly Van Niel
2008Raquel de Azeredo Muniz PhD, Escola Nacional de Botanica Tropical, Institute de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Topic: Efeitos do dossel de Sargassum vulgare (Ochrophyta – Fucales) em duas communidades na Baía da Ilha Grande, R.J.
Co-supervisor: Dra. Márcia A. de O. Figueiredo.
2009Renae Hovey PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. Topic: Responses of Posidonia australis Hook.f. and Posidonia sinuosa Cambridge et Kuo
transplants to nitrogen, phosphorus and iron additions in Oyster Harbour, Western Australia, with focus on root development.
Co-supervisors: Dr Marion Cambridge
2011Ben Saunders PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. Topic: The ecology of territorial herbivorous damselfish (Genus Parma) on temperate Western Australian rocky reefs.
Co-supervisors: Dr Euan Harvey
2011John Statton PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. Topic: Restoration potential of Posidonia australis seedlings is enhanced through aquaculture.
Co-supervisors: Prof. Kingsley Dixon, Dr Marion Cambridge
2011Kirrily White MSc, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. Topic: Patterns in Fish Assemblages and Seagrass Herbivory in a Temperate Australian Seagrass Meadow.
Co-supervisor: Dr Mark Westera
2012Jillian Ooi PhD, Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. Topic: The role of sedimentary environments on seagrass distribution and abundance at PulauTinggi, Malaysia
Co-supervisor: Associate Prof. Kimberly Van Niel
2012David Rivers PhD., Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. Topic: Seagrass colonization into gaps in meadows – the role of seedling recruitment
Co-supervisor Prof Walker
2012 Margaret Mohring PhD (under examination), Univ. of Western Australia, Crawley, W.A. Topic: Threat of climate change on reproductive phenology and gametogenesis in the kelp Ecklonia radiate. Co-supervisor: Dr Thomas Wernberg,